Botanically speaking, south mountain ranges of Papuk - Pliš
and Mališčak, are the most interested area of the Park of
Nature Papuk. The locality is bordered with streams Veličanka
and Stražemanka, on the shallow soils, with numerous sub-Mediterranean
plants. In the sheer paths, reefs and peaks, on the 350 to
600 m above sea level, there are dolomite rocks. In this area
which is always exposed to the sun and without much moisture,
grow forest of pubescent oak, and black ash-tree, with some
individual trees hornbeam, chestnut, beech, and Austrian pine.
Due to the evident decline of ground and thick bushes, the
terrain is partially pathless, and in between the bushes,
there are oases of rocky ground. Exposure to the sun, shallow
soil, and hard approachability in the most dry terrains, enabled
conditions for survival of rare and interested flora of the
Park of Nature. In the Pliš and Mališčak there is a majority
of protected flora species in Papuk.
Doronicum orientale Hoffm.
(syn. D. caucasicum Bieb.)
Family- A s t e r a c e a e (=C o m p o s i t a e)
Leopard's bane is an herbaceous perennial with underground
rootstalk and underground dendriform runners. The stalk is
20 to 60 cm high, vertical, and near the ground covered with
wool-like hair. The leaves near the ground are on long leaf
stalk, heart shaped and widely scored. In adequate habitats,
they are very thick on the ground. On a stalk, there are 1
to 2 elliptical and heart shaped leaves that go around the
stalk. The calix leaves are on the edges with cilia, and are
shorter then the radiate floret. There is usually only one
flower on the stalk, whose diameter is 4 to 6 cm. The radiate
floret ends with 2 to 3 uneven tooth. The flowers are yellow.
All parts of a plan are poisonous. The plant multiplies by
product (called roške), but in more cases vegetative, by underground
dendriform runners. It grows in the mountain and hill forests,
usually in the rocky surface, and among bushes. The number
decreases due to cutting forest and bushes, and because of
picking it in its natural habitats. This plant is protected
from June 10, 1958, by the Law about protection of nature
in all its natural habitats.
Daphne cneorum L.
Family - T h y m e l a e a c e a e
Rose Daphne is an evergreen low-growing shrub between 10
and 40 cm high. The branchlets are rather long, strait or
little bended, thin and smooth. The leaves are halberd shaped,
sitting and have a dark green colour. There are 5 to 10 flowers
clustered on the ends of the branches. Flowers are mostly
red, and rarely white, of a very pleasant smell. The fruit
is a yellowish brown drupe. It grows in the dry habitats,
likes soils high in calcium, rocky ground, or hill meadows.
The species is rare and endangered due to cutting of decorative
flowers. It is protected since April 16, 1952.
Primula veris Huds.
Family - P r i m u l a c e a e
Cowslip lasts several years. Has a short root. The leaves
lie nearly flat on the ground in a rosette. They are thick,
oval, or round, from the centre gradually or at once, transforming
into stalk. From the rosette rises a long stalk (up to 20
cm). The flowers are big, symmetrical, and yellow, on the
top form an umbel. This species grow in the humus soils, often
among rocks, in the sunny meadows, hills with bushes, and
at the edges of mountain or hill forests. As other spring
flowers, it is decorative, and therefore picked, and needs
to be protected.
Phyteuma orbiculare L.
Family - C a m p a n u l a c e a e
Roundheaded rampion is an herbaceous perennial, height between
10 and 50 cm, with a succulent and sappy root. The stalk is
simple, bare and carries one or more spherical head with flowers.
The leaves are bare, elliptical or halbered shaped, on the
edges mostly scalloped. Ground and middle leaves are on stalks,
while upper ones are sitting. The corolla is cylindrical and
pipe shaped, elongated and shaped like a sickle, lightly bended,
separated into 5 slices of a dark purple colour. The 15 to
30 flowers are joined in spherical head. The flower grows
in the rocky meadows, and afore-plains lawns, in the cracks
of the rocks, in mountain and afore-mountain areas.
Dictamnus albus L.
Family - R u t a c e a e
This plant lasts several years. It has a cylindrical, ramified,
white rootstalk, from which more stalks can grow. The entire
plant smells like lemon or cinnamon due to the ethereal oils.
The stalk is more or less hairy, in upper parts with black
glands. Ground leaves on stalk are sitting, while upper have
stalks and are feather like odd to 7 or 9 small leaves, from
above leather like and dark green. The flowers are big, pink,
and joined into vertical recemose inflorescence. Burining
bush grows mostly in forests and bushes of oak 'medunac' (Quercus
pubescens), in arid, loose, slightly to moderately acid humouis
soils. It usually grows in the calcareous surface.